District at a Glance

Geographical Position Population
Vital Statistics Temperature
Rainfall Agriculture
Irrigation Animal Husbandry
Dairy Development Fisheries
Forest Electricity
Industries Khadi & Village Industries
Medical & Health Education
Transport Communication
Cooperation Registration
Housing Social Welfare
Nutritious Meal Programme Revenue Administrative Divisions
Local Bodies Community Development
Police, Prisons & Fire Services Legislatures
Cinema Theaters Banks & Insurance
Natural Resources Pilgrim & Tourist Places

 

 

 

GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION

Date of District  Formation 01.01.1997
Latitude (N-S) Between 10 20' And 11 07'
Longitude (E-W) Between 79 15' And 79 45'
Mean Sea Level 10 meters
Area (Sq. Km.) 2377


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POPULATION (Census 2001)

Description Total Male Female
Total Population 11,69,474 5,80,784 5,88,690
   Rural Population 9,32,231 4,63,502 4,68,729
   Urban Population 2,37,243 1,17,282 1,19,961
Population (0-6 Yrs) 1,40,099 71,115 68,984
   Rural Population 1,13,326 57,571 55,755
   Urban Population 26,773 13,544 13,229
Literacy Rate 7,88,302 4,35,421 3,52,881
   Rural Literates 6,08,297 3,40,202 2,68,095
   Urban Literates 1,80,005 95,219 84,786
Main workers
   Total Workers 3,86,956 2,82,611 1,04,345
         Rural Workers 3,20,502 2,26,819 93,683
         Urban Workers 66,454 55,792 10,662
   Cultivators  61,965 52,224 9,741
         Rural Workers 59,154 49,721 9,433
         Urban Workers 2,811 2,503 308
   Agricultural Labourers   1,99,580 1,22,933 76,647
         Rural Workers 1,88,828 1,15,619 73,209
         Urban Workers 10,752 7,314 3,438
   Household Industries 7,090 4,493 2,597
         Rural Workers 5,701 3,656 2,045
         Urban Workers 1,389 837 552
   Other Workers 1,18,321 1,02,961 15,360
         Rural Workers 66,819 57,823 8,996
         Urban Workers 51,502 45,138 6,364
   Marginal Workers 1,04,047 48,919 55,128
         Rural Workers 93,786 42,915 50,871
         Urban Workers 10,261 6,004 4,257
Non-Workers 6,78,471 2,49,254 4,29,217
         Rural Workers 5,17,943 1,93,768 3,24,175
         Urban Workers 1,60,528 55,486 1,05,042
Households 275395
Population Growth (1991 - 2001) 5.92%
   Male/Female Ratio 1014
   Density 538
Languages spoken in the District Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Urudu, Kannadam, Sowrashtra and Hindi


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  VITAL STATISTICS (2010-2011)
Birth 19280
Death 6507
Infant Deaths 217
Birth Rate (per 1000 population)
   Rural 14.8
   Urban 17.8
   Combined 15.1
Death Rate (per 1000 population)
   Rural 5.7
   Urban 4.5
   Combined 5.1
Infant Mortality Rate (per 1000 population)
   Rural 12.8
   Urban 9.8
   Combined 11.3
Expectation of Life at Birth
   Male 62
   Female 64


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TEMPERATURE (in Degree Centigrades)
Maximum 35.19
Minimum 26.39


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  RAINFALL(in mm)
South West
   Normal 301.8
   Actual 532.5
North East
   Normal 665.4
   Actual 1118.8


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AGRICULTURE

Total Cultivated Area (Hec) 265281
Net Area Sown (Hec) 152632
Area Sown more than once 112649
Area and production of principal crops

Area (Hec.)
in '000'

Production
( Tonnes) in '000'

Rice 160 483125
Pulses 94 25310
Sugarcane (Gur) 0.94 171958
Groundnut 1.90 6832
Gingelly 0.36 367
Cotton (BL) 0.005 996
Agricultural Land Holdings (2005-2006)
Holdings 158100
Area (Hec) 146028
Average Size of Holdings 0.924
Important Food Crops Rice, Greengram, Blackgram
Important Non Food Crops Cotton, Groundnut, Coconut, Gingelly, Palm, Flowers, Palmolin, Oil seeds

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IRRIGATION
Net Area Irrigated by (Hec) 147091
Gross Area Irrigated 178716
Name of the Rivers Odampokki, Vettar, Vennar, Mudikondan, Nandalar, Nattar Tirumalairayanar, Koraiyar, Valavaikkal, Kaattar, Pandavaiar, Ayyanar, Arichandranathi, Mulliyar, Pamaniyar, Adappar,
Vellaiyar, Marakka Koraiyar, Vadavar Extn.
Name of the Lakes Vaduvur Lake, Thirumeni Lake, Ayyampettai Lake, Uthayamarthandapuram Lake,  Moovanallur Lake


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ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

Veterinary Institutions
   Veterinary Hospitals 7
   Veterinary Dispensaries 31
   Disease Diagnostic Centre 1
   Sub-Centre ( Breeding Centre) 50
Livestock Census 2004
   Cattle 254133
   Buffaloes 6439
   Sheep 4350
   Goat 269984
   Poultry 260400

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DAIRY DEVELOPMENT

No. of Milk Co-operative Societies 34
Milk Chilling Plants 4
Milk Production (Lakh Litres) 107.94
Value (in Lakhs) 1727


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FISHERIES
Length of Coastal Line (km) 47.2
No. of Coastal Blocks 1
No. of Coastal Centres 14
Marine fish production (tonne) 12360
Inland fish production (tonne) 9730
No. of fisherman engaged (Marine/In land) 5750 / 7042


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FOREST
Forest Area (Hec.)
   Reserved Forest (Hec.) 9476.547
   Reserved Lands (Hec.) 11.055
Forest Products
   Timber (Cu. m)  
   Teak Poles (MCu) 1229.916
   Pulp wood (MT) 502.241
Mino Forest Products (MT) 1.957


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ELECTRICITY

Generation of electricity
   Gas Turbine (MW) 95
   Power Purchased (in M.U) 55.9
Consumption (in M.U)
   Agriculture -
   Industry 5.1
   Commercial 36.88
   Domestic 198.88
   Public Lighting & Water works 21.5
   Miscellaneous 6.07
Rural Electrification
   No. of Pumpset Energised 18627
   No. of Villages Electrified 573
   No. of Hamlets Electrified 1500


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INDUSTRIES

No. of Working Small Scale Factories(Reg) 111
No. of Mandays Worked 535200
No. of Trade Unions 9
Medium Scale Industries 6
Small Scale Industries 30
Cottage Industries 155
Name of the Industries in the District Pamani Fertilizers, Mannargudi
Chandramohan Ceramics,Mannargudi
Modern Rice Mills, Thiruvarur


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KHADI AND VILLAGE INDUSTRIES
Khadi Production (Rs. in Lakhs) Sales (Rs in Lakhs)
   Cotton - 2.10
   Woollen - 0.70
   Silk - 4.60
   Polyester - 2.75
Village Industries
   Soaps - 2.75
   Leather Goods - NA
   Others - 1.00


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MEDICAL AND HEALTH

Modern Medicine
   No. of  Government Hospitals 9
   Primary Health Centres 42
   Health Sub Centres 195
   Dispenseries -
   Other Medical Institution 1
   Beds in Hospitals & Dispensiaries 1224
   Total No. of Doctors 224
   Total No. of Nurses 348
Indian Medicine
   No. of  Government Hospitals 8
   Primary Health Centres 50
   Total No. of Doctors 16
Homeopathy Medicine
   No. of  Government Hospitals 1
   Total No. of Doctors 1


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EDUCATION

Pre Primary Schools 126
Primary Schools 629
Middle Schools 264
High Schools 81
Higher Secondary Schools 79
Engineering Colleges 3
Arts and Science Colleges 8
Technical/Polytechnic Institutions 5
Music School 1
Teacher Training Colleges 6
Medical Colleges 1
College of Professional Education 2
Universities 1
No. of Students Appeared/Passed at 10th Std 15457 / 12816
No. of Students Appeared/Passed at 12th Std 11643 / 9691
No. of Fresh Entries (I to V) 9403
No. of children never enrolled at School 76


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TRANSPORT

Road Length ( in Km.)
   National Highways 43.00
   State Highways 328.04
   Municipality Roads 230.35
   Panchayat Union   & Panchayat Roads 3984.00
   Town Panchayat Roads 229.22
Registered Motor Vehicles
   Commercial 3624
   Non Commercial 156130
Railway Transport
Route Length (in Km)
   Broad Gauge 254
   Meter Gauge 105
Track Length (in Km)
   Broad Gauge 254
   Meter Gauge 105
No. of Railway stations    39


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COMMUNICATION

Post and Telegraph
   No. of Post Offices 98
   No. of Post   & Telegraph Offices 3
   No. of Letter Boxes 468
Telephones
   No. of Telephone Exchanges 20
   No. of Telephone in use 16179
   No. of Public Call Offices -


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CO-OPERATION

Primary Land Development Banks 6
District Central Co-operative Banks 2
Urban Banks 4
Primary Agricultural Credit Societies 137
Housing Co-operative Societies 7
Employees Co-operative Societies 27
Weavers Co-operative Societies 3
Primary Co-operative Stores 79
Other Co-operative Societies 11


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REGISTRATION

No. of Registration Office 10
Aggregate value of Property Transferred (in Crores) 76.850
Total Receipts (in Crores) 12.928


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HOUSING

No. of tenements constructed by TNHB 628
No. of tenements constructed by PHB 456
No. of tenements in Samathuvapuram 400


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SOCIAL WELFARE (in Nos.)

Old Age Pensioners 39065
Marriage Assistance for daughters of poor widows 163
Dr DAN widow Remarriage Thittam 6
Marriage Assistance to Orphan girls 27
Kalappu Thirumana Uthavi Thittam 39
Aid for Handicapped 1251
Aid for Others -
Women Welfare Co-operative societies / Members 13217 / 204884
Training Centres -
Panchayat Level Federation 430
Women Development Centre Beneficiaries -
Uzhavar Sandhai 4


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NUTRITIOUS MEALS PROGRAMME

Name of the Programme Centres Beneficiaries
PTMGR Thittam 984 119325
ICDS 1260 74068


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REVENUE ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS

No. of Divisions 2
No. of Taluks 7
No. of Firkas 27
No. of Villages 573


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COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT & LOCAL BODIES

No. of Community Development Blocks 10
No. of Municipalities 4
No. of Town Panchahyats 7
No. of Village Panchayats 430
No. of District Panchayat Wards 18
No. of Panchayat Union Wards 176
No. of Village Panchayat wards 3108

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POLICE, PRISONS & FIRE
Police
Local Force 734
Armed Reserve 354
Police Stations 29
Police Outposts 4
Central Prisons -
Other Prisons 4
No. of Fire Stations 9


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LEGISLATURE

Members of Legislative Assembly   4
Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) 1
Members of Parliament (Rajya Sabha) -


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CINEMA THEATRES

Permanent (Non Air Conditioned) 18
Semi Permanant -
Touring -


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BANKS AND INSURANCE

No. of Banks / Branches 18 / 89
No. of Primary Coop. Banks/Societies 137
No. of Life Insurance Offices 4
No. of Policies Issues 52769
Sum assured in crores 420.13


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NATURAL RESOURCES

Name of the Natural Resources

Crude Oil, Natural Gas and Savudu


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PILGRIM AND TOURIST PLACE

Pilgrim Centres


Sri Thiyagarajar Swamy Temple, Thiruvarur
Sri Saraswathi Temple, Koothanur
Sri Murugan Temple, Enkan
Sri Rajagopalaswamy Temple, Mannargudi
Sri Kothandaramar Temple, Thillai Vilagam
Sri Sivan Temple (Guru), Alangudi
Sri Lalithambigai Temple, Thirumeiychur
Sri Saneeshwaran Temple, Thirukollikadu
Jambuvanodai Dharga, Muthupettai
 

Tourist Places


Bird Sanctuary, Vaduvur
Bird Sanctuary, Udhayamarthandapuram
Lagoon, Muthupettai
 


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